This city has a special legal status, based on international law and international legitimacy resolutions, most notably UN General Assembly Resolution 181.
Jerusalem and the Jordanian Tutelage
Since June 4, 1967, Jerusalem has been under Israeli occupation. Numerous international legitimacy resolutions, including: UN Security Council Resolution 242, and subsequent resolutions, most notably 252, 267, 446, 207 and 2334, and other UN Security Council and General Assembly resolutions have called for Israel’s withdrawal from the lands it occupied, including Jerusalem And the nullification of unilateral Israeli measures in the occupied territories, including Jerusalem, including the establishment of settlements or changing the status and character of the city of Jerusalem.
The question of Jerusalem is one of the five final status issues, as agreed upon between the Palestinian and Israeli sides, and its fate is decided through negotiations and the agreement between the Palestinian and Israeli parties, based on international law and international legitimacy decisions. Jordan affirms that East Jerusalem is an integral part of the Palestinian territories occupied in 1967, and it is subject to the provisions of international law related to the territories under occupation, and based on international legitimacy resolutions, including Security Council Resolution 478, which considers that Israel’s decision to annex East Jerusalem and declare it a unified capital is a decision. void.
In addition, the constant Jordanian position is that East Jerusalem is the capital of the future Palestinian state, on the borders of June 4, 1967. All unilateral Israeli measures in East Jerusalem, whether with regard to settlement activities, land confiscation, displacement, and changing the character of the city, are actions contrary to international law. , International humanitarian law, and relevant international resolutions.
Jordanian political, diplomatic and legal efforts continue to assert that East Jerusalem is an occupied city, subject to the provisions of international law, and should be the capital of the independent Palestinian state in accordance with the two-state solution. Efforts are also 2 continuing to affirm the need for Israel, as an occupying power, in accordance with international law and international humanitarian law, most importantly the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 and the Hague Convention of 1954, to fulfill its obligations.
The Oslo Accords led to the creation of an interim Palestinian government, the Palestinian Authority, which was granted limited powers to govern in Areas A and B of the occupied West Bank, and the results of the Oslo technical forum fully control the Palestinian economy, as well as control civil and security affairs in the region that makes up more than 60% of the West Bank.
Israel has expanded settlement construction in the areas it occupied in 1967, including parts of East Jerusalem. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu recently pledged to annex parts of Area C, which is the Jordan Valley and the northern Dead Sea region, where about 65,000 Palestinians and about 11,000 Israeli settlers live.
Area A constitutes 18% of the West Bank, and the Palestinian Authority controls most affairs in this area, including internal security.
In Area B
In Area B, which includes about 21% of the West Bank, the Palestinian Authority controls education, health, and the economy.
In both areas, the Israeli occupation authorities enjoy full external security control. This means that the occupation army has the right to enter these areas at any time, usually in order to raid homes or arrest individuals on security grounds. About 2.8 million Palestinians live in Areas A and B, and the most prominent Palestinian cities and towns are Hebron, Ramallah, Bethlehem and Nablus.
Area C is the largest part of the West Bank, as it alone constitutes about 60% of the West Bank. Area C also includes the vast majority of illegal Israeli settlements in the West Bank, of which there are more than 200 settlements, in which more than 400,000 settlers live.
Jerusalem is divided into an eastern and a western part, a division occupied in 1948 and a division occupied in 1967, and this division were under Jordanian tutelage. And the Palestinians who were displaced after 1948 and settled in the Sheikh Jarrah area, according to that agreement, were entitled to reside, but Jordan did not register the names of those families who lived there.
Sheikh Jarrah is a village located on the eastern side of Jerusalem that fell under occupation in 1967 and was named after Sheikh “Husam al-Din bin Sharaf al-Din Issa,” who was the private physician of the commander Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi.
The neighbourhood was established in 1956 according to an agreement signed between the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees and the Jordanian government. This neighbourhood is inhabited by approximately 28 Palestinian families who were displaced from their lands in 1948, and its population is now estimated at 3000 people. The neighbourhood is now undergoing a new catastrophe, as the residents of the village were forcibly displaced and Israeli settlements built in their place.
This village has witnessed long years of suffering from dividing their homes and housing Jewish settlers in it. The settlers were constantly changing, that is, every three months a Jewish settler came out and another lived in his place so that friendly relations would not be established between them and the Palestinian families.
The predatory dogs on them and the physical and verbal harassment of Palestinian women until this day when the Israeli court decided to forcibly evacuate all the homes inhabited by the Palestinians on the tenth of this month, but at the request of the legal advisor to the government, the court was postponed within the next 30 days. In the past two days, most Arab and Islamic countries witnessed solidarity stances in support of Jerusalem as well as support on social media, especially as Israeli settlers threaten to storm AlAqsa Mosque on the 28th night of Ramadan.
Research By Jeelan ABURUB