Jordan after the Breakup of the Muslim Brotherhood
Jordan after the Breakup of the Muslim Brotherhood

Jordan after the Breakup of the Muslim Brotherhood

Muslim Brotherhood Movement was established in Jordan in 1945, Jordanian Sheikh Abd al-Latif Abu-Qura and in coordination with the Hassan al-Banna.
Muslim Brotherhood Movement was established in Jordan in 1945, Jordanian Sheikh Abd al-Latif Abu-Qura and in coordination with the Hassan al-Banna.

Muslim Brotherhood Movement was established in Jordan in 1945, Jordanian Sheikh Abd al-Latif Abu-Qura and in coordination with the Hassan al-Banna.

Muslim Brotherhood Movement

The Beginnings of the Formation of the Muslim Brotherhood Movement in Jordan

The Muslim Brotherhood Movement was established in Jordan in 1945, at the initiative of the Jordanian Sheikh Abd al-Latif Abu-Qura and in coordination with the Muslim Brotherhood’s guide and founder, Hassan al-Banna.

In 1954, the movement took a legal authorization from the government, and the Muslim Brotherhood began its first steps on the political road. It was the first participation in the legislative elections in 1956 and they won four seats at that time, and one of their most important demands was to cancel the British-Jordanian treaty also they opposed the Eisenhower project Imposed by the United States, this project was seeking the intervention of the United States of America in the Middle East.

After a period of tension and closure of political life in Jordan for a long time due to political events in the seventies and after that the economic crisis disrupted partisan and political life, and then it came back in 1989, and then the activity of the Muslim Brotherhood Party returned again.

Conflict Points Between the Sides

Points of Contention between the Jordanian Government and the Muslim Brotherhood

“One Man, One Vote” This slogan is used by advocates of political equality to refer to such electoral reforms as universal suffrage, proportional representation, and the elimination of plural voting, malapportionment, or gerrymandering.

The Reason Behind the Pressures

The Reason behind the Crackdown the Jordan Teachers Syndicate

This legal dispute between the government and the syndicate dates back to 2011 when the government reduced the rights of teachers and tried to dismantle the union, but it failed at that time because the Teachers Syndicate Law stipulates that the Syndicate Council can only be dissolved by a vote of two-thirds of its central committee.

On July 25, 2020, the police raided the headquarters of the Jordanian Teachers Syndicate in Amman and 11 of its branches across the country and arrested all 13 members of the union’s board of directors. Some government officials accused that the syndicate’s members followed an “Islamic Political Opposition” agenda that would pose a threat to the government.

Position of other Jordanian Parties

Perhaps what is surprising is that the nationalist and left-wing parties stood by the side of the Muslim Brotherhood against the decision to close the Teachers Syndicate, but the position of the centrist parties supported the government’s decision.

The support of the left-wing parties for the position of the Muslim Brotherhood is due to several reasons, the most important of which are:

  • The interest of the left and the Islamic parties in obtaining broad political rights, as the left-wing parties have suffered greatly throughout history with the Jordanian government.
  •  The student movements in universities that demand their rights are always suppressed by the government and the centrist parties which represent tribes and clans in universities; Therefore, Islamic and leftist parties seek to support of student movements against repressive decisions.
  • The common principle between the Islamist and leftist movements is that they always refuse to establish normalizing relations with Israel, which the Jordanian government is trying to legalize those relations.
Jordan after the Breakup of the Muslim Brotherhood
Jordan after the Breakup of the Muslim Brotherhood

The Decision to Close the Muslim Brotherhood Party Is Legal or Arbitrary?

On Wednesday the 15th of July, 2020 the Jordanian judiciary decided to dissolve the “Muslim Brotherhood” group due to its failure to rectify its legal status. The court claims that the decisive decision came in the lawsuit filed by the Muslim Brotherhood against the Department of Lands and Survey and the Muslim Brotherhood Association requesting to revoke the transfer of ownership of land and real estate to the legal group that corrected its situation in 2015.

After that, the media spokesman for the Muslim Brotherhood, Moaz AlKhawalda, declared that :

"The group has been licensed since 1946 with the approval of the prime minister and it developed its legal status in 1953 as its license was amended from an association to a group and with the approval of the prime minister as well."

The undeclared reason for the Jordanian government behind this decision is that the United Arab Emirates provides donations to the Jordanian state conditional on reducing the activity of the Muslim Brotherhood movement in Jordan, as well as tracking movements that have a relationship with the Palestinian Hamas movement.

However, Islamism in Jordan insisted on participating in the parliamentary elections that took place last week on Tuesday the 12th of November, 2020. And they won 10 seats in the parliament despite the fact that there were “Legal Violations” that took place, without those violations, the Muslim Brotherhood should have obtained more seats than that.

The Last Questions Remain

Where is the Jordanian government heading in dealing with opposition parties, especially Islamic ones? And who gave the UAE the right to classify political parties operating in Arab countries as terrorist parties?

Researcher by Jeelan Moh’d Aburub