The Iranian presidential elections are an Iranian political date whose goal is to elect the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran for a four-year term.
A Retrospective The Last Elections:
In the 2013 elections, moderate candidate Hassan Rouhani won after receiving 50.86 per cent of the vote, succeeding President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, whose second term is out. The elections and the electoral campaign accompanying them took place in a political context dominated by the Iranian nuclear file, in addition to the difficult economic situation resulting from international sanctions which is characterized by an inflation rate of more than 30 per cent, the deterioration of the value of the national currency and high unemployment.
Who is Hassan Rouhani
Rouhani served as Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council for 16 years. He began his career in the Majlis under President Hashemi Rafsanjani and continued under his successor, President Khatami. During his tenure as Iran’s chief nuclear negotiator (from October 6, 2003, to August 15, 2005); It was during this period that international interest began; stirring up Iran’s nuclear program, And the adoption of strongly-worded resolutions by the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Hassan Rouhani nominated himself in the June 2013 elections for the presidency of the Republic of Iran, and he was one of the most prominent and fortunate candidates because of his centrist views and close relations with the clerics in Iran. He announced his candidacy for the presidency on January 11, 2013, and registered himself as a presidential candidate on May 7, to announce on June 15 that he had won the presidential elections.
Problems of the Hassan Rouhani Era
On Saturday, May 20, 2017, the head of the Iranian Election Commission, Ali Asghar Ahmadi, announced that Iranian President Hassan Rouhani had won a second term, with about 23 million votes, that is, he won 56% of the votes, ahead of the fundamentalist current candidate Ibrahim Raisi, by a difference. Almost 7 million votes, after counting more than 40 million votes. Iranian state television congratulated Rouhani on winning a second term.
After Hassan Rouhani’s victory in the Iranian presidential elections, news agencies highlighted the role the president will play in the Iranian nuclear file, as he held the position of Iran’s chief nuclear negotiator from October 6, 2003, to August 15, 2005, a period that witnessed the height of international interest in Iran’s nuclear program, and the adoption of strongly-worded resolutions by the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Who Are The Presidential Candidates?
590 people applied for the presidential elections. Only 7 candidates were accepted for the presidential elections, the two of them are from the independent reformist movement and the rest are conservative.
Who are not Candidates for the Presidency?
The President of Iran is elected for a four-year term, renewable only once. He is the country’s highest directly elected official, the head of the executive branch, and the second most important position after the Supreme Leader.
Any Iranian citizen born in Iran, a believer in God and Islam, and has always been loyal to the Constitution, the Guardianship of the Jurist, and the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic may register as a presidential candidate. An institution called the Election Monitoring Agency (EMA) and operated by the Guardian Council vets registered candidates and selects a handful of them to run in the elections. The voting age is 18.
Nomination Criteria and Policies
The Guardian Council does not publicly announce the reason for rejecting particular candidates, although these reasons are explained to each candidate. Women registered as candidates were excluded from running for elections by the Guardian Council. “We have not rejected any woman because she is a woman,” said a spokesman for the Guardian Council. He made it clear that there is no objection to women’s registration in the elections.
Those approved by the Guardian Council are subject to a public vote at the end of the week. The winner is the candidate who gets 50% + 1 vote. If no candidate receives enough votes, another election will be held only among the candidates with the most votes on the following weekend.
Once the result is known, according to the constitution, the supreme leader must sign the decree of the president-elect, and if he refuses to sign, the president-elect will not have the presidency of the executive branch. The Supreme Leaders of Iran have always signed the decree of the President-elect as follows. Then, according to the constitution, the president-elect must take an oath upon inauguration in the Islamic Consultative Assembly to members of Parliament, members of the Guardian Council and the chief justice that he will do his best to perform his duties.
About Presidential Candidates
A former nuclear negotiator:
He is 56 years old. He holds a doctorate in Islamic knowledge and political science. He worked as an inspection official in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, then an official in the US Department, then-Secretary of the Iranian Supreme National Security Council, and responsible for the negotiation team with Western countries. A former candidate in the presidential elections, he received 4 million votes, and came third after President Hassan Rouhani and Muhammad Baqir Qalibaf, in the 2013 elections.
A former Revolutionary Guard commander:
He is 67 years old, hails from Khuzestan Province, and holds a PhD in economics. One of the founders of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards He led the Revolutionary Guards in a difficult phase of the Eight Years’ War. He presided over military universities. He currently holds the position of Secretary of the Expediency Council and went through several electoral experiments in 1999, 2005, 2009 and 2013.
Iran’s top judge (Expected President):
He is 61 years old. He hails from the city of Mashhad, and holds a doctorate in jurisprudence, and previously held the following positions: Public Prosecutor in Tehran; The position of head of the General Inspection Department of Iran; First assistant to the head of the judiciary. He is currently the head of the judiciary.
Ali Reza Zakani
A former lawmake:
He is 56 years old. From the city of Tehran, he holds a doctorate in atomic medicine and a member of the Shura Council for three sessions. He is currently a member of the council, and head of the council’s research centre.
Amir Ghazizadeh Hashemi
A current lawmaker:
He is 50 years old. Born in Khorasan Province. He holds a doctorate in medicine. Previously, he held the following positions: Director of Semnan University of Medical Sciences; Member of the Shura Council in its 8th, 9th, 10th and 11th sessions. He is currently the Deputy Chairman of the Shura Council.
A former provincial governor:
He is 65 years old. He hails from East Azerbaijan Province. He holds a doctorate in engineering and has held the following positions: the Directorate of Nuclear Power Plant Affairs at the Iranian Atomic Energy Agency; President of the International Federation of Zurkhaneh Sports; Member of the Board of Directors of the Kish Free Zone Organization; Governor of Khorasan under President Khatami; Governor of Isfahan under President Rouhani. He worked in the management of automobile production companies, then held the position of assistant minister of industry.
The current head of Iran’s Central Bank:
He is 63 years old. He was born in Hamedan province, west of the capital, Tehran. He holds a PhD in economics and is currently the governor of the Central Bank of Iran. Previously, he held the following positions: Director-General of the News Department at the National Radio and Television Corporation; Deputy Director of the Radio and Television Corporation for Political Affairs; Ambassador Plenipotentiary of Iran to China for a few weeks; Executive Director of Bank Melli Iran (National Bank of Iran); Head of the Central Insurance Department.
Featured Names Excluded from Parliament
Iran’s Shura Council has disqualified three prominent candidates from participating in the country’s upcoming presidential elections: Ali Larijani, the former Shura Council speaker and current advisor to the Islamic Republic’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the populist former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and the current reformist Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri. This is the second time that Ahmadinejad has been excluded from the elections. The last elections took place in 2017, he was prevented from running for reasons of inconsistency with his vision with the Iranian constitution, and Ahmadinejad threatened this time that he would resort to questioning the elections if he was prevented.
As for Larijani, the council justifies that his daughter has a foreign nationality, so he is not entitled to run for office. Some say that this is not a sufficient justification, given that he was born and raised in Iran.
It Is Expected To Happen These Days
Three candidates for the elections will be withdrawn from within the conservative movement in favour of candidate Ibrahim Raisi and his strong rival Saeed Jalili, and because Ibrahim Raisi’s approach is the closest to Supreme Leader Khamenei, so he is expected to win.
After the victory, the chance of the nuclear agreement that is taking place now in Geneva will be in favour of who will win, as well as the lifting of economic sanctions on Iran, which will represent a soon and positive breakthrough for Iran. Point in favour of the conservative movement.
Research by Jeelan Aburub